## KNUST Electrical Engineering Course Outline

DETAILS OF SYLLABUS

FIRST YEAR COURSES

First Semester

MATH 151 Mathematics I (4 0 4) Algebra: The set R of real numbers, Relation of order in R, Principle of Mathematical Induction, Complex numbers; Analysis: Functions: Odd, Even and Periodic functions Hyperbola functions and their graphs; Co-ordinate geometry: Conic sections in rectangular co-ordinates, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola; Parametric equations: Plane polar co-ordinates, polar curves; Differentiation: Rolle’s theorem and the mean-value theorems, Taylor’s theorem, Repeated Differentiation, Applications for Differentiation, Indeterminate form; Vector algebra and its application.

ENGL157 Communication Skills I (2 0 2) The study of parts of speech – the noun, verb, pronoun, adjective, adverb, and so forth. The use of articles, the study of sentence ultimately leading to paragraph writing.

CE 155 Environmental Studies (2 0 2) Humans and Nature. Introductory ecology. Electromagnetic Spectrum. Ozone and global warming. Natural resources. Population. Concepts of environmental: Noise, air, land and water pollution. Impact of engineering projects on the environment and control measures. Environmental Laws and regulations in Ghana.

ME 159 Technical Drawing (1 3 2) Geometrical construction; Orthographic projection and other projections; Descriptive geometry, intersections and development.

ME 161 Basic Mechanics (3 1 3) Introductory concepts of engineering mechanics involving basic principles instatics and dynamics with simple applications. Simple machines and conservation laws.

EE 151 Applied Electricity (2 2 3) Network Theorems: Kirchoff’s Laws, superposition, Thevenin’s, Norton’s and Reciprocity theorems, Delta-star and star-delta transformations. Alternating Voltage and Current: Average and r.m.s values, harmonics, phasor representation of sinusoidal quantities, addition and substraction of sinusoidal quantities. A.C. Circuits: Active, reactive and apparent power, power factor, reactive and active loads and sources, solving single phase circuits using j operator and the concept of apparent power, solving 3-phase balanced and unbalanced l;oads.

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

Magnetic Circuits: Magnetomotive force, magnetic fields strength, permeability of free space, relative permeability, B-H curves of materials, solving magnetic circuits. EE 153 ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (0,4,2) General Familiarisation tour of laboratories in the Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, equipment identification in the laboratories.

Electronic/Autotronic Identification of electronic components, PCB making, soldering, automobile checklists

Electrical Identification of electrical machines and parts, identification of power cables, electrical wiring: types of switches, wires, lights, fans, heaters, fridges, air conditioners Computer Autocad, PCB making software, familiarisation with computer hardware components

Second Semester

MATH 152 Mathematics II (4 0 4) Algebra: Matrix Algebra: Determinants and their properties, Applications to systems of linear equations, Homogeneous systems, Eigen values and Eigen vectors; Analysis: Series: Convergence of series of real numbers, Tests of convergence,Series of functions and power series convergence of power series; Integration: The Definite Integral; Definition: The Riemann Sum; Techniques of integration including advanced methods of substitution, partial fractions, by parts and reduction formulae, Applications; Improper Integrals; Convergence; Partial Differentiation, total derivations.

ENGL 158 Communication Skills II (2 0 2) Communication process, skills in communication, channels of communication in an organization, preparation of official documents such as letters, memos, reports, minutes and proposals. Oral presentation skills. Formal speech making. Conducting interviews and meetings.

ME 166 Applied Thermodynamics I (2 0 2) Energy, heat and work. First and second laws of thermodynamics and corollaries. Applications to liquids, vapours and gases. Perfect gases. Property tables. Flow and non-flow processes. Analysis of ideal vapour and gas cycles.

EE 152 Basic Electronics (2 2 3) Nature of atom, the vacuum valves, (diode, triode, tetrode pentode) Basic concepts of semiconductors charge carriers, effective mass, mobility, conductivity, life time and recombination, continuity equations, flow-equations, Hall effects, PN junctions, choke; rectification and filteration. Bipolar transistors, its characteristics, CB, CC, CE configurations the transistor and a switiching devices (ac – dc load lines) Small signal amplifiers.

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

EE 156 Electrical Eng. Drawing (1 6 3) Electrical and Electronic symbols; Wiring, connection or breadboarded diagrams; schematic diagrams; printed circuit diagrams; electrical power diagrams.

EE 172 ELECTRICAL MACHINES (3 0 3) Basic Laws of Electrical Machines: Faraday’s law of electromagnetic inductions. Power relationships. Magnetic field, force on a current carrying wire, induced voltage on a conductor moving in a magnetic field, mechanical motions. D.C. Machines: Principles of operation, construction of DC machines, armature windings: lap and wave, emf commutation. DC generators: excitation, load characteristics and voltage regulations of separately excited, shunt wound, series wound and compound wound generators. Conditions for self-excitation of shunt-wound generator. DC motors: speed and torque, starting and speed control. Tests, measurement and efficiencies of DC machines. Transformers: Principle of single phase transformers, equivalent circuits, phasor diagram, tests of transformers, parallel operation of transformer and performance characteristics. Three phase transformer: Connection methods for three phase transformers. Auto-transformers. Current and potential transformers. Induction Machines: Production of rotating magnetic field by uniformly distributed three phase windings. Principles of operation and construction of induction motor. Definition of slip, equivalent circuit, measurement of winding resistance, magnetizing and leakage reactance. Losses, efficiency and torque. Output characteristics, starting torque and maximum torque. Starting methods. Speed control. Braking of induction motor. Tests of induction machines to determine motor constants and losses/efficiency. Single Phase Machine: Single phase induction machine. Special machines: stepper motor, hysteresis motor, reluctant motor, permanent magnet motors, brushless dc motor, universal motor.

TE 152 Introduction to Information Technology (IT) (1 2 2) Introduction to computers: components of a PC and their functions, memory and storage devices; introduction to operating systems (windows, UNIX, etc); introduction to computer networks; internet and electronic mail; introduction to number systems and codes; data representation: integer and floating poit numerals; introduction to computer programming: visual basic.

SECOND YEAR COURSES

First Semester

MATH 251 Mathematics III (4 0 4) Analysis III: (Pre-requisites:- Algebra I and II, Analysis II) Differentiation under the integral sign; Multiple integrals; line; surface; volume integrals; Triple scale and vector products; differentiation of vectors; Vector fields; Differential equations: (Pre-requisites: Analysis II) Ordinary Differential equations; First order differential equations; Second order linear differential equations; Systems of linear equations with constant coefficients; Laplace transforms.

ENGL 263 Literature in English I (1 0 1)

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

Literature as Poetry: What is a poem, and its characteristics? Difference between a poem and a song. The figure of speech and the literary device. Practical appreciation. Literature as Drama: What is a play, and its characteristics? Drama as Theatre. Shakespeare. The modern Play. Texts to be studied: Selected African and English poems. One Shatespeare play and one Modern African play.

EE 271 Semiconductor Devices (2 0 2) PN Juction: Junction diodes and their static and dynamic properties at high frequencies, switching. Metal-Semiconductor junctions: Energy band diagram of the Schottky barrier, MIS Schottky diode, ohmic contact, applications of Schottky-Barrier diodes, heterojunctions. Solar Cell and light-emitting diode: optical absorption in a Semiconductor, Photovoltaic effect, Schottky-barrier and MIS solar cells, LEDs, eye snsitivity and brightness, Quantum efficiency. MOS Devices: MOS capacitor, MOS transistor (DC characteristics, depletion – MOST and JFET). Polysilicon gate technology, Metal gate technology, comparison. Control of threshold voltage through iron implantation. Frequency and small signal properties of MOST, special MOS devices (CMOS, VMOS, DMOS, CCD). Examples of CCD in electro-optical applications and signal processing. Bipolar Junction Devices: The BJT transistor action, Ebers-Molls model, Hybrid-pi and h equivalent circuit, the BJT as a switch, breakdown voltages, lateral PNP transistor, PNPN devices, Noise source in BJT.

EE 287 Circuit Theory (2 0 2) Review and application of Network theorems to AC Networks Superposition, substitution, Thevenin, Duality; Norton; Reciprocity. Network Topology. Graph or network: Trees; Node voltages and current equation. Use of nodal voltage method and mesh current method in network analysis. Two port Networks: Relationship between terminal quantities; choice of parameters; network models; interconnection of networks; validity tests. Application of interconnection rules; Loaded two ports; Reciprocity and symmetry. Multiport Networks : Network equations; effect of dependent and independent internal sources. n-terminal networks: The indefinite admittance matrix; connection of a terminal to earth; connection of two terminals together; suppression of terminal; connection of networks in parallel. Two port devices: Impedance converter, Generalized impedance converter, Negative impedance converter, impedance inverter, the Gyrator.

TE 261 Electricity & Magnetism (2 0 2) Vector analysis. Orthogonal coordinate systems. (rectangular, cylindrical and spherical). Gradient of scalar field. Divergence of vector field. Divergence and Stoke’s theorems. Null identified. Field classification and Helmholtz’s theorem. Electromagnetostatics: (static, steady and magnetic) fields in free space. Boundary conditions.

TE 291 Telecommunication Lab. I (0 9 2)

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

Laboratory work. selected from the following Lab Modules: Electronics and Electricity, Modern Communications. Coverage area: TE 271, EE 287, TE 261. At least 4 experiments are to be performed.

FC 191 French For Communication Purposes I (2 0 2) This course is aimed at equipping students with basic French communication skills. The course is specially tailored for students from various departments who have little or no knowledge in French. French techniques of expression, drawn from short dialogues, are exploited to help students have the ability to communicate freely. Attention will be paid to the correct intonation and pronunciation.

ECON 151 Introduction to Economics I (2 0 2) The nature and scope of economics. Consumer choice. Determination of prices. Different market conditions. Production theory, and theory of distribution.

CSM 157 Accounts I (2 0 2)

Music 151 Fundamentals of Music Theory This course is to introduce students to basic elements in writing or composing Music, e.g. Staff Notation, Intervals, Key Signatures, Scales, Basic Chord, Progressions, Transposition, and Rhythms.

Music 153: Keyboard Skills This course is designed to equip students with skills and techniques for reading and playing elementary level literature for the piano. Students will apply music fundamentals – scales, chords – in harmonizing by ear.

Music 159: Introduction to Sound Engineering Students will be introduced to the uses of analog and digital recording devices, special signal processing and digital and analog mixing. (Prerequisite: student must be computer literate) Sports (1 2 2)

Second Semester

MATH 252 Mathematics IV (4 0 4) Analysis IV: (Pre-requisites : – Algebra I and II, Analysis II) Differentiation of implicit functions; Extrema; Gamma and beta functions; Functions of complex variables; Conformal mapping; Contour integration; Differential equations II: (Pre-requisites:- Differential equations I) Solutions in series Fourier series; Classification of second order linear partial differential equations and reduction to canonical forms; Solutions of simple boundary problems by separation of variables.

ENGL 264 Literature In English II (Fiction) (1 0 1)

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

See detailed description for first semester segment ENGL 263.

EE 272 Digital Systems (3 0 3) Digital Devices and Circuits: Logic gates based on the MOS transistor: Switching times of basic inverters in NMOS and CMOS, logic gates, transmission gates, dynamic circuits. Logic gates based on the Bipolar Junction Transistor: Switching times of the basic inverter, logic gates of TTL, ECL and I2L types. Latches, flip-flops of types D, SR, JK and master slave, NMOS, CMOS, and I2L implementations. Regernerative circuits: Schmitt, uni-stable multivibratiors. Logic Theory: Logical operations, Boolean algebra, combinations and their various realizations. Minimization techniques. Various codes. Synchronous and asynchronous sequential logic, state assignment and minimization finite state machines. Reliability, fault diagnosis and threshold logic. Limitations of sequential circuits. Design examples of Digital Systems.

EE 288 Electrical Measurement & Instrumentation (3 0 3) Operational principles and dynamic analysis of measuring instruments: moving coil instruments, moving iron instruments. Electrostatic, electrodynamics, industrial instruments. Instrument Transformers. Measurement of current, voltage, power energy, phase, power factor, frequency. Measurement of resistance, capacitance and inductance, bridge methods; resonance methods, sensors, and transducers. Methods of measuring non-electric quantities: heat, light, sound, pressure, strain. stress. mechanical displacement, flow, liquid level, humidity, speed, velocity and time. The C.R.O. and its application. Electronic measuring instruments such as logic analysers, spectrum analysers and computer controlled automatic measuring instruments. SCADA systems and remote metering .

TE 262 Electromagnetic Fields (2 0 2) Advanced Electrostatics: Solution of electrostatics boundary-value problems (Poisson, Laplace’s equations, method of images). Electromagnetism: the electric fields, conductors, insulators, capacitance, the magnetic field in free space, magnetic effects of iron. Calculation of inductance, field plotting, electromagnetic induction. Maxwell’s equations: Differential & integral forms. Electromagnetic waves theory: EM waves in a homogeneous medium uniform plane wave propagation, conductors, dielectric, skin effect reflection, reflection of plane waves. Poynting Vector.

TE 272 Analog Communication Systems (2 0 2) The EM Spectrum impact of visible light/infrared, X-Rays, etc. on industry, agriculture, health, etc. Carrier transmission. Spectrum translation, SSB, DSB. FUSB Continuous amplitude modulation (AM) and Angle modulation (FM, PM). Comparison of modulation techniques, Power calculations of transmitting power required for reliable communications (AM systems). Pulse-modulation techniques.(PAM,PCM). Sampling theorem.

TE 292 Electrical Engineering Lab. II (0 9 2) Laboratory work. selected from the following Lab Modules: Electronics and Electricity and Modern Communications. Course coverage: EE 272, TE 262,

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

TE 272. At least 4 experiments are to be performed.

FC 192 French For Communication Purposes II (2 0 2) This course is aimed at helping students to grasp basic French vocabulary to be able to function in everyday situation. Spoken French and oral comprehension are emphasized. This will be supplemented with exercises aimed at giving students ample opportunity to maximize their use of the language. The communicative approach is used to enable students express themselves in different situations.

ECON 152 Introduction to Economics II (2 0 2) A survey of national income – its measurement and determinants. Fluctuations in economic activity and trends in Ghana’s national income. Index number. International trade and national economy, role of government.

CSM 158 Accounts II (2 0 2)

Music 152 Music Theory This course will introduce students to more advanced elements in writing or composing Music, e.g. Staff Notation, Intervals, Key Signatures, Scales, Basic Chord, Progressions, Transposition, and Rhythms.

Music 154 Keyboard Skills II The course deals with reading and playing hymns from the Methodist, Presbyterian, etc Hymn Books. It also offers playing early intermediate literature (African and Western), Minor Scales and Arpeggios, Harmonizing with Primary Triads and selected Secondary Triads, playing by ear local choruses and popular songs.

Music 162 Introduction to Music Technology The course fulfils the need for music students to be exposed to the use of computers in music making. The concepts and use of Musical Instruments Digital Interface (MIDI) as well as Notation and Sequencing, using Software (Finale, Encore, Vision, Reason, etc) and Sound Modules shall be introduced.

Sports (1 2 2)

THIRD YEAR COURSES First Semester

MATH 351 Numerical Analysis I (2 0 2) Finite differences: Difference tables, forward, backward and central differences; Linear systems: Matrix methods, Gaussian elimination. Gauss-Seidel, ill-conditioning; Errors: sources, estimates, propagation, floating point arithmetic; Operators; Curve fitting; Interpolation: Lagrange, Newton’s forward and backward; Euler and Runge-Kuta methods; Collation polynomials; Newton-Raphson.

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

MATH 353 Statistics (2 0 2) Statistics 1: (Pre-requisites:- Analysis 11) introduction to probability; Random variables and functions of random variable; Mathematical expectations and moments; Special discrete and continuous distribution: binomial, exponential, gamma, chi-square, t- and F- sums of random variable Law of large numbers; Central limit theorem.

EE 371 Linear Electronic Circuits (3 0 3) Device fabrication technology, Small signal transistor models, basic amplifier structures (CC, CB, CE). Design of BT amplifiers. FET amplifiers, Bias stability of transistor amplifiers. Frequency response of wide-band and narrow-band amplifiers. Large signal (power) amplifiers (class A, B, AB, C etc). Differential amplifiers and current sources. The ideal Op-Amp, the practical Op-Amps, Op-Amp selection, application to instrumentation and telecommunication. Feedback and stability. Quasi-linear circuits: Feedback limiters, comparators, Schmitt Triggers. Analog Multipliers And modulators. Voltage Regulators, application to power supplies. Phase-Locked-Loop (PLL) circuits. IC oscillators and timers: IC oscillators and timer circuits, frequency-to-voltage, voltage-to- frequency converters. COE 381 Microprocessors (2 0 2) Microprocessor system: Basic concept and terminology, input, output, interface, memories. Architecture: ALU, registers, program counters etc. Hardware: System bus structure, data, address and control bus. Microprocessor interfacing. Types of microprocessors, 4 bit, 8 bit and 16 bit. 32 bit and 128 bit. Families (Intel, Motorola and Zilog). Assembler language programming; development aid, application development. Application of microprocessor in PLC.

EE 385 Signals & Systems (2 0 2) Radio wave propagation in the HF, VHF, UHF, and SHF bands. LF, MF HF/SW VHF/UHF antennas and radiation patterns. Antenna feeders, transmission lined. Transmission line constants and measurements in the Characteristic and properties of signals and systems. The delta function and its derivatives. Operation on signals and systems. Linear systems described by D. E. Impulse response, I/O (BIBO) stability. The concepts of state, state equations, symptotic stability. The one-sided Laplace transform, transfer function, poles, zeros stability. Examples of electromechanical servo systems and their representation by state equations and transfer function. Signals and systems in discrete time. Discrete convolution, unit sample response. Linear systems described by difference equations. Solution of difference equations. I/O (BIBO) stability. The one-sided z-transform: definition, ROC, properties. Inverse z- transform. Transfer function of discrete time systems, poles, zeros, stability. Frequency response of linear systems, Bode diagrams, representation of the response to sinusoidal excitation by Fourier Series. Extension of FT to delta functions and periodic signals.

TE 361 Information Theory (2 0 2) Information sources. A measure of information. Entropy. Channel capacity: Shannon’s theorem, Hartley – Shannon theorem, exchange of bandwidth & S/N ratio. Average information. Communication rate: Effect of noise, binary channels.

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

Transmission codes. Error detection & correcting codes.

TE 381 Optical Communications (2 0 2) Basic concepts of photonics. Lightwave system components: optical fiber as a communication channel, optical transmitters and receivers. Optical fibers: Step index and graded index fibers, wave propagation (fiber modes, single mode fibers), dispersion in single-mode fibers, dispersion- induced limitations, fiber loss, fiber manufacturing. Optical transmitters and receivers. System design and performance. Coherent and multichannel lightwave system. Optical amplifiers.

TE 391 Telecommunications Lab III (0 9 2) Laboratory work. selected from the following Lab Modules: Electronics and Electricity, Modern Communications, Microwave & Optical Transmission. Course coverage: EE 371, COE 381, TE 361, TE 381. At least 6 experiments are to be performed.

Second Semester

TE 362 Telecom Infrastructure (2 0 2) Backbone Systems: Microwave systems. Satellite systems. Fibre optic systems. Case study of GT, GBC, & Voltacom system. Access Systems: Fixed telephone network, TV/ Radio Networks. (FM, SW, DRM, DTT, DTV, XDL, PLC, Wi – Fi, UWB, GSM, CDMA). Planning, Installation, (Operation of these systems). Path profile using topo maps, digital maps, use of GPS). Towers & masts. Judicious utilization, marketing of infrastructure, co-sharing, co-siting. Quality of service (QoS) issues. Avoiding over specification. Spectrum analysis & integration.

TE 364 Communication Circuits (2 0 2) Oscillators: The principle of oscillation, RC, LC and Crystal oscillators. Oscillator frequency stability. Filters: Low pass, high pass, band pass and band reject types. Passive and active filters. Design of nth. order filters using transfer function and normalized tables. Switched capacitor filter. Tuned amplifier circuits. Microwave devices and components.

TE 372 Antennas & Propagation II (2 0 2) VHF & UHF antennas. Parabolic reflectors. Special application antennas for microwave transmission: Terrestrial, satellite, HAP, mobile broadcast, etc. Analytical and numerical methods of analysis and design of wire antennas. (Use of Fortran for analysis). Propagation characteristics of these antenna systems.

TE 382 Data Networks (2 0 2) Introduction to communication networks. Design principles of communication networks: Network service architecture, layered network architectures. The OSI model: Detailed treatment of the function of each of the seven layers, eg.(synchronization and framing, error control; data link protocols; Ethernet, token ring and token bus networks; routing, congestion control, network design; encryption, data compression. Integration of services: Integrated Services Local Networks, telephone network, ISDN, broadband ISDN. Performance evaluation and monitoring. Probability. Queues.

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

TE 384 Switching Engineering (3 0 3) Definitions and basic concepts. SDL. The structure of switching centers. Selectors and crosspoint matrices, blocking and non-blocking networks. Control systems in switching centers. Principles of traffic. Queueing theorems for circuit switching centers. Time division switching centers. A model of an electronic exchange.

TE 386 Digital Communication Systems (3 0 3) Signal sources and types. Random signals and noise: Power spectral density and autocorrelation. The Gaussian Processes. Discrimination between finite number of possible signals. The optimal receiver of known signals embedded in additive white Gaussian noise. The correlation receiver, matched filter and the associated probability of error. Modulation methods: ASK, PSK, FSK, MSK. Applications to PCM and radar. Efficient signal design for binary communication. Detection of signals with unknown phase.

TE 392 Telecommunications Lab IV (0 9 2) Laboratory work. selected from the following Lab Modules: Electronics and Electricity, Modern Communications, Microwave & Optical Transmission. Course coverage: TE 364, TE 372, TE 382, TE 384, TE386. At least 6 experiments are to be performed.

FOURTH YEAR COURSES

First Semester

TE 461 Computer Applications & Project Design (2 1 3) Problem formulation and representation: Top – down design, mathematical model. Solution technique. Translation to computer algorithm: Flowcharts and pseudocode. Use of programming languages and application packages. Project design: Translating ideas into a viable scheme. Field data and CAD, decision making and control.

TE 471 Electromagnetic Compatibility (2 0 2) Introduction to EMC. Description of electromagnetic environment. Cross talk, cables grounding, shielding/sceening and bonding, digital circuits, biological effects of EMI. Special EMC problems related to mobile Telephony. Powerline communications.

TE 473 Acquisition, Processing & Storage Systems (2 0 2) Studio systems & studio background acoustics, cameras (analog & digital), microphones, audio/video processors, vision mixers, graphic tools, media-based systems such as MD, DAT, CD/DVD/VCD, cassette, reel-to-reel, VTRs, flexi art systems, server-based play/record and storage systems. Storage for streaming/archiving, mass recording of telephone calls (AT&T model), tele prompters. Optimum acquisition system and hard to avoid overspecification/underspecification. Outside broadcast systems, Electronic field production, Switching systems (Telephone calls & internet). System analysis and integration.

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

TE 475 Broadcast Studio Basics (2 0 2) Acoustics. Lighting. Type of studios. Acquisition, processing, storage, playback

TE 481 Wireless Data Communication Networks (3 0 3) Fundamentals of wireless communications. Radio-based systems: Toposcatter systems, microwave radio, Analog and Digital Radio Relays satellite communications. Light-based sytems: Dynamics of laser transmission, licencing requirements, bandwidth capacities, applications, fiber optic systems. Cellular communications: Dynamics of cellular transmission, cellular components, coverage and channels, routing cellular cells. Security concerns with wireless communications. VSATs. Wireless LAN systems.

TE 497 Project I (0 6 3) Supervised research project by individual student in partial fulfillment of the requirement for graduation.

Second Semester

ME 492 Entrepreneurship Development (2 0 2) Entrepreneurship and free enterprise.Business planning. Product and service concepts for new ventures. Marketing and new venture development. Organising and financing new ventures. Current trend (Internet commerce, e-commerce). Business Law/Law of contract. Mini-project in business plan development for self employment.

TE 462 Telecom Policy (2 0 2) Spectrum utilization & regulation by statutory bodies (eg. NCA, ITV). Equipment specification and maintenance of standards. Spectrum management. Equipment (electronic, photonic – fibre optics) specifications – role of GSB, ITV, NCA. Introduction to legal issues in Telecommunications. Introduction to Entrepreneurship in Telecommunications.

TE 472 Mobile & Satellite Communication systems (2 0 2) Introduction to wireless communication systems. Cellular concept. System design fundamentals. Mobile radio propagation. Small and large scale modulation techniques for mobile radio. Basic satellite system. Satellite orbits. Frequency and propagation considerations. Communication link design. Multiple Access Techniques. Communication satellites. Earth stations. Digital Terrestrial Transmission. Future trends.

TE 474 Microwave Engineering (2 0 2) Microwave frequencies and circuit analysis. Waves on transmission lines. Field analysis of transmission lines. Circuit theory for waveguiding systems. Travelling wave tubes. Impedance transformation and matching. Applications of microwaves: mobile, broadcasting, satellite, HAP, heating, etc.

TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING – COURSE DESCRIPTION 2009/2010

TE 484 Network Planning (2 0 2) Structured cabling system: LAN design rules, network model building, simulation process. Systems integration strategy, planning and performance analysis of various infocomm infrastructures design.

TE 498 Project II (0 10 5) Supervised research project by individual student in partial fulfillment of the requirement for graduation.

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